(Answered) PSY 101 Fall 2016 Study Guide for the Third Examination The first twenty questions are from Chapter 15, Psychological Disorders 1. A psychological...
PSY 101 Fall 2016 Study Guide for the Third Examination
The first twenty questions are from
Chapter 15, Psychological Disorders
1. A psychological disorder is a ________.
2. Etiology is another word for ________.
3. Which classification system is used by most mental health professionals in the United States of America?
4. What is comorbidity?
5.The ________ model suggests that people with a predisposition for a disorder are more likely to develop the disorder when faced with adverse environmental or psychological events.
6. Which childhood disorder is characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication and repetitive patterns of behavior or interests?
7. People with ________ disorders experience thoughts and urges that are intrusive and unwanted and/or the need to engage in repetitive behaviors or mental acts.
8. Which of the following defines antisocial personality disorder?
9. ________ is a subtype of depression in which a person experiences the symptoms of major depressive disorder only during a particular time of year.
10. ________ delusions involve the (false) belief that other people or agencies are plotting to harm the person.
11. Donna exhibits two separate personalities, each well-defined and distinct from one another, so Dr. Paulson diagnosed Donna with ________ disorder.
12. Piper is diagnosed with agoraphobia because she experiences intense fear and anxiety of ________.
13. Due to Dominique’ s obsessive-compulsive disorder, she may ________.
14. Dr. Griffiths diagnosed Manuel with major depressive disorder because he ________.
15. Identify the obsession in the following sentence. “Keisha is overly concerned about germs, so she spends hours wiping the surfaces of her home and washing her hands.”
16. Which of the following is not an example of suicidal ideation?
17. Cordelia, an active duty Marine, served in Afghanistan. While she was on patrol with her friend, an IED went off, killing her friend and injuring her. In the two months since her friend died, Cordelia has been jumpy, irritable, avoids talking about her friend, and once every few days experiences a flashback to the explosion. Cordelia is experiencing a ________ disorder.
18. Identify the compulsion in the following example. Demarco can’t stop thinking about his book collection, which includes hundreds of first editions. He wants it to be in a particular order. He spends hours every day organizing his books alphabetically by author, then by color, then by size.
19. Alexis experiences the symptoms of major depressive disorder, but only during midwinter. What kind of depression does Alexis have?
20. If Laura has bipolar disorder, then she ________.
Questions 21-29 are from Chapter 14 Stress, Lifestyle, and Health
21. When did the term stress enter scientific literature?
22. Who defined stress as, “the response of the body to any demand, whether it is caused by, or results in, pleasant or unpleasant conditions”?
23. A demanding or threatening event is often called a(n) ________.
24. ________ is the kind of stress associated with positive feelings, as well as optimal health and performance.
25. ______ is the kind of stress that exceeds the optimal level, is no longer a positive force, and becomes excessive and debilitating.
26. The Center for Investigating Healthy Minds conducts rigorous academic research on ________.
27. The relaxation response technique is a stress reduction technique that combines elements of relaxation and ________.
28. Who developed biofeedback as a technique to treat combat stress?
29. Which of the following is an example of a stressor?
Questions 30- are from Chapter 16, Therapy and Treatment
30. Humanistic therapy is also called ________ therapy.
31. Which term refers to the fact that the therapist cannot disclose private communications to any third party unless mandated or permitted by law to do so?
32. During the therapist’s first meeting with the client, called ________, the therapist gathers specific information to address the client’s immediate needs.
33. Which treatment modality involves 5–10 people with the same issue or concern meeting together with a trained clinician?
34. Which kind of therapy involves a therapeutic orientation that employs principles of learning to help clients change undesirable behaviors?
35. What is the goal of humanistic therapy?
36. ECT stands for ________.
37. Who developed client-centered therapy?
38. In medieval times, abnormal behaviors were viewed as a sign that a person was ________.
39. Who led the reform efforts for mental health care in the United States?
40. Renzo’s therapist helps him learn to overcome his fear of dogs through several stages of relaxation techniques. What kind of psychotherapeutic orientation does this exemplify?
41. On the advice of her therapist, Thora decides to treat her fear of heights by exposing herself to heights using a stimulus hierarchy. Which form of therapy is she using?
42. Patients at Manderly Psychiatric Center are rewarded with chips when they engage in positive behaviors such as socializing with other patients. They can later exchange the chips for privileges, like extra TV time. This is an example of ________.
43. Dr. Duncan is a therapist who works with men accused of domestic violence. Although it is difficult, she does her best to be non-judgmental during therapy sessions. Which aspect of client-centered therapy is this?
44. Paxil, Prozac, and Zoloft are examples of ________.
45. Electroconvulsive therapy is effective in alleviating symptoms for people with ________.
46. Repeated drug use and/or alcohol use after a period of improvement from substance abuse is called ________.
47. What often happened to patients in the early years of using electroshock therapy?
48. What should be changed to make the following sentence true? Carl Rogers believed most of our psychological problems are the result of repressed impulses and trauma experienced in childhood, and he believed psychoanalysis would help uncover long-buried feelings.
49. How is behavior therapy different than psychoanalysis?
50. According to the American Psychological Association (APA), three factors work together to produce successful treatment. Which of the following is not one of the three factors?
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